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With less than 5% of world population the USA has over 2.4 million of 9.8 million world prisoners! The majority of U.S. inmates are in due to the drug war.
Most Republican leaders oppose cheap universal healthcare. 45,000 uninsured Americans die each year due to lack of health insurance.
Charts. Homicide, murder. Rates worldwide. Many nations. Various causes for differences in rates.
See also this Wikipedia page:
List of countries by homicide rate.
Mirrors 1. 2. Change mirror pages if problems.

*Table of Contents. After text loads, click topics below. Click TopLink, back button, or HomeKey to return here fast.

*Introduction, world map, and links.

*Chart. Many nations. Latest rates. Descending order.
*Chart. Many nations. Latest rates. Alphabetical order.

*USA timeline chart.

*National Rifle Association, handguns, and high U.S. homicide rate.
*The drug war and NRA's mandatory minimum sentencing campaigns!
*Quotes.
*More references and more links.
*Violence. Links and info.


*Drug War charts, and more.

 

You can help: Commons: Create charts and graphs online.


Introduction, world map, and links. [TopLink]

Wikipedia lists both current and historical homicide rates worldwide. Please see:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_homicide_rate
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Homicide_rates - Charts, graphs, maps.

The image below is free, and is a GIF image made from this PNG image:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Homicide-world.png

In the world map below the darker the color, the higher the homicide rate per 100,000 people.
Murder rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants.


See: Global Burden of Armed Violence Report. Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. and Wikipedia:
*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_homicide_rate 

Western and Central Europe homicide rate = 1.5 per 100,000 people. 

USA is 6.1 per 100,000 people.  

Canada is 1.85 per 100,000.

Handguns only increase the murder rate. Canada and much of Western Europe effectively ban handguns for the most part.

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Chart. Homicide rates. Many nations. Latest rates. [TopLink]
 
This chart below was copied from this wikipedia page:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_homicide_rate
This chart came from the table of 21st century rates on the wikipedia page.
Go there to find the latest version, and the reference sources for the statistics.

Homicide rates per 100,000 inhabitants according to the most recent rates at the time this chart was copied from Wikipedia (May 4, 2009).
 
Murder rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants.

Latest rates.  

Rates are in descending order:

Country   Most
recent  
 Iraq 89
 Honduras 57.9
 Sierra Leone 50
 El Salvador 49.1
 Jamaica 49
 Venezuela 48
 Guatemala 45.2
 Angola 40
 South Africa 38.6
 Colombia 37
 Somalia 33
 Liberia 33
 Belize 30.8
 Trinidad and Tobago 30.38
 Brazil 25.7
 Dominican Republic 23.56
 Kazakhstan 20 (1997)
 Puerto Rico 18.8
 Ecuador 16.9
 Russia 16.5
 Swaziland 13.63
 Mongolia 12.81
 Paraguay 12.05
 Nicaragua 12
 Haiti 11.5
 Panama 10.8
 Suriname 10.30
 Mexico 10
 Lithuania 9.38
 Papua New Guinea 9.06
 Latvia 8.58
 Thailand 8.47
 Zimbabwe 8.44
 Belarus 8.31
 Kyrgyzstan 8.01
 Zambia 7.89
 Costa Rica 7.68
 Barbados 7.49
 Ukraine 7.42
 Seychelles 7.39
 Uganda 7.37
 Pakistan 6.86
 Estonia 6.82
 Moldova 6.71
 Sri Lanka 6.69
 Republic of Macedonia 6.53
 Namibia 6.35
 Jordan 6.33 (1999)
 Lebanon 6.33 (1999)
 Georgia 6.22
 United States 6.1
 Albania 5.68
 Peru 5.54
 Ethiopia 5.48
 Argentina 5.27
 Philippines 4.31
 Uruguay 4.3
 Djibouti 4.17 (1998)
 Côte d'Ivoire 4.07
 Palestine 4.04
 Yemen 3.98
 Turkey 3.83
 Kenya 3.53 (1989)
 India 3.44
 Nepal 3.42
 Uzbekistan 3.16 (1999)
 Bulgaria 3.08
 Switzerland 2.94
 Iran 2.93
 Bolivia 2.82
 Eritrea 2.77 (1999)
 Finland 2.75
 Dominica 2.74
 Scotland 2.56
 Romania 2.51
 Mauritius 2.51
 Armenia 2.48
 Ireland, Northern 2.48
 Azerbaijan 2.41
 Sweden 2.39
 Malaysia 2.36
 China 2.36
 Slovakia 2.26
 Czech Republic 2.22
 South Korea 2.18
 Hungary 2.09
 Libya 2.08 (1999)
 United Kingdom 2.03
 Chile 1.9
 Israel 1.87
 Canada 1.85
 Croatia 1.83
 Portugal 1.79
 Malta 1.75
 Madagascar 1.75 (1995)
 Cyprus 1.70
 Poland 1.64
 France 1.64
 Bermuda 1.56
 Belgium 1.50
 Slovenia 1.47
 Algeria 1.39
 England,  Wales 1.37
 Brunei 1.37
 New Zealand 1.20
 Australia 1.28
 Maldives 1.28
 Niger 1.28 (1996)
 Italy 1.23
 Tunisia 1.22
 Spain 1.14
 Syria 1.14
 Japan 1.10
 Vietnam 1.08
 Indonesia 1.05
 Iceland 1.03
 Kuwait 0.99
 Germany 0.98
 Bahrain 0.98
 Netherlands 0.97
 Saudi Arabia 0.92
 Ireland 0.91
 Luxembourg 0.90
 Austria 0.81
 Denmark 0.79
 Norway 0.78
 Qatar 0.77
 Greece 0.76
 Mauritania 0.76 (1999)
 Mali 0.71 (1998)
 United Arab Emirates 0.63
 Hong Kong 0.63
 Oman 0.59
 Singapore 0.49
 Morocco 0.47

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Alphabetical order. [TopLink]
 
Homicide rates per 100,000 inhabitants according to the most recent rates at the time this chart was copied from Wikipedia (May 4, 2009).
 
Murder rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants.

Latest rates.


Country   Most
recent  
 Albania 5.68
 Algeria 1.39
 Angola 40
 Argentina 5.27
 Armenia 2.48
 Australia 1.28
 Austria 0.81
 Azerbaijan 2.41
 Bahrain 0.98
 Barbados 7.49
 Belarus 8.31
 Belgium 1.50
 Belize 30.8
 Bermuda 1.56
 Bolivia 2.82
 Brazil 25.7
 Brunei 1.37
 Bulgaria 3.08
 Canada 1.85
 Chile 1.9
 China 2.36
 Colombia 37
 Costa Rica 7.68
 Croatia 1.83
 Cyprus 1.70
 Czech Republic 2.22
 Côte d'Ivoire 4.07
 Denmark 0.79
 Djibouti 4.17 (1998)
 Dominica 2.74
 Dominican Republic 23.56
 Ecuador 16.9
 El Salvador 49.1
 England,  Wales 1.37
 Eritrea 2.77 (1999)
 Estonia 6.82
 Ethiopia 5.48
 Finland 2.75
 France 1.64
 Georgia 6.22
 Germany 0.98
 Greece 0.76
 Guatemala 45.2
 Haiti 11.5
 Honduras 57.9
 Hong Kong 0.63
 Hungary 2.09
 Iceland 1.03
 India 3.44
 Indonesia 1.05
 Iran 2.93
 Iraq 89
 Ireland 0.91
 Ireland, Northern 2.48
 Israel 1.87
 Italy 1.23
 Jamaica 49
 Japan 1.10
 Jordan 6.33 (1999)
 Kazakhstan 20 (1997)
 Kenya 3.53 (1989)
 Kuwait 0.99
 Kyrgyzstan 8.01
 Latvia 8.58
 Lebanon 6.33 (1999)
 Liberia 33
 Libya 2.08 (1999)
 Lithuania 9.38
 Luxembourg 0.90
 Madagascar 1.75 (1995)
 Malaysia 2.36
 Maldives 1.28
 Mali 0.71 (1998)
 Malta 1.75
 Mauritania 0.76 (1999)
 Mauritius 2.51
 Mexico 10
 Moldova 6.71
 Mongolia 12.81
 Morocco 0.47
 Namibia 6.35
 Nepal 3.42
 Netherlands 0.97
 New Zealand 1.20
 Nicaragua 12
 Niger 1.28 (1996)
 Norway 0.78
 Oman 0.59
 Pakistan 6.86
 Palestine 4.04
 Panama 10.8
 Papua New Guinea 9.06
 Paraguay 12.05
 Peru 5.54
 Philippines 4.31
 Poland 1.64
 Portugal 1.79
 Puerto Rico 18.8
 Qatar 0.77
 Republic of Macedonia 6.53
 Romania 2.51
 Russia 16.5
 Saudi Arabia 0.92
 Scotland 2.56
 Seychelles 7.39
 Sierra Leone 50
 Singapore 0.49
 Slovakia 2.26
 Slovenia 1.47
 Somalia 33
 South Africa 38.6
 South Korea 2.18
 Spain 1.14
 Sri Lanka 6.69
 Suriname 10.30
 Swaziland 13.63
 Sweden 2.39
 Switzerland 2.94
 Syria 1.14
 Thailand 8.47
 Trinidad and Tobago 30.38
 Tunisia 1.22
 Turkey 3.83
 Uganda 7.37
 Ukraine 7.42
 United Arab Emirates 0.63
 United Kingdom 2.03
 United States 6.1
 Uruguay 4.3
 Uzbekistan 3.16 (1999)
 Venezuela 48
 Vietnam 1.08
 Yemen 3.98
 Zambia 7.89
 Zimbabwe 8.44

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Homicide rates. USA timeline. Chart. [TopLink]

[TopLink]
1900 to 2002 timeline.
United States homicide rates
per 100,000 population.

 
Year Homicide
 rate

1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.1
1.3
2.1
3.9
4.9
4.8
4.2
4.6
5.5
5.4
6.1
6.2
5.9
6.3
6.9
6.5
7.2
6.8
8.1
8.0
7.8
8.1
8.3
8.4
8.4
8.6
8.4
8.8
9.2
9.0
9.7
9.5
8.3
8.0
7.6
6.8
6.4
6.3
6.0
5.9
5.1
5.0
5.7
6.4
6.1
5.9
5.4
5.3
4.9
5.2
4.8
4.8
4.5
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.7
4.8
4.9
5.1
5.5
5.9
6.8
7.3
7.7
8.3
9.1
9.4
9.7
10.
9.9
9.0
9.1
9.2
10.
10.
10.
9.6
8.6
8.4
8.4
9.0
8.7
9.0
9.3
10.
10.
10.
10.
9.6
8.7
7.9
7.4
6.8
6.2
6.1
*7.1
6.1
 
* Includes 9/11 terrorism deaths.

Source: National Center for Health
Statistics (NCHS), Vital Statistics
http://www.geocities.com/tents444/geohomicide.htm
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/glance/hmrt.htm NCHS.
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/glance/tables/hmrttab.htm NCHS.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/homicide.htm and
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/tables/totalstab.htm FBI.
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/data/stateucr/ucrus.wk1 __
This Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
chart is copied from the above bold link.

BJS documents are in the public domain. See
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Template:PD-USGov-DOJ
The BJS chart is based on statistics from the NCHS
(National Center for Health Statistics,
Vital
Statistics). It has slightly different homicide
rates than those from the FBI. The FBI rate is
usually about .5 less.
The wk1 file above also has
the number of violent crimes in the USA every year
since 1960. Use Excel or another spreadsheet program
to open the wk1 file.

---------------------------------------------



National Rifle Association, handguns, and high U.S. homicide rate. [TopLink]

The Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution does not need wimpy handguns to defend against tyranny. The NRA is clueless.

Handguns are effectively banned or severely discouraged in Canada and Europe.
The lack of handguns in Canada and Europe is a big factor in why Canada and Europe on average have much lower murder rates compared to the USA. See:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_homicide_rate

Canada has far fewer handguns per capita than the USA:

"As we see it, a ban on ordinary Canadians continuing to own handguns is eminently reasonable and ought to be supported by most of us, even in the face of statistics indicating there could be as many as one million of the weapons now in Canada. After all, that statistic can be seen as showing that 30 million Canadians don’t see a need for such easily concealed firearms. If nothing else, the ban would stand as a statement made by a peaceable society. Unlike the much-maligned federal gun registry, such a ban need not involve any costly administration. And, as we understand it, handguns could still be owned by collectors and others so long as they are rendered permanently inoperable."
~ Orangeville Citizen. Orangeville, Ontario, Canada. January 5, 2006. Emphasis added.
http://www.citizen.on.ca/news/2006/0105/Editorial/016.html
http://www.cannabisculture.com/forums/showflat.php?Number=1195031

There is no problem with rifles and shotguns being legal. They are not used in murders nearly as much as easily concealed handguns. The motive for most murders in the USA and in some other nations is arguments:
http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/cfi/cfi110.html and
http://www.google.com/search?q=statistical+abstract+united+states+homicide+motives

Chart below is from:
http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/library/graphs/12.htm




When a whole nation bans handguns, over time the lack of handguns greatly lowers the homicide rate. Just because criminals have handguns doesn't translate into a high homicide rate. Most homicides are committed out of conflict or momentary rage between non-criminals. The murder rate is much lower in Europe due to the fact that handguns have been effectively banned for so long in most of Europe. Fear of murder is not nearly as big in Europe as in the USA.

In Europe and Canada most people don't want to go to the trouble required to get an illegal handgun. They can much more easily buy a rifle or shotgun to protect their home, and teargas to put in their pocket to lower their fear while outside their homes.

In the USA killing someone with a handgun is too easy compared with anything else. This is because killing someone with almost anything other than a gun will likely be very messy, with a lot of blood. Some blood is bound to get on you or your clothes. How do you make your getaway? How do you bring your weapon to begin with? It is not easy to conceal a rifle or shotgun. So that leaves those messy knives and clubs. Or in the USA, a handgun. It is too easy to kill and get away with it.

----------------------------------------------

The drug war and NRA's mandatory minimum sentencing campaigns. [TopLink]


See this list of incarceration rates by country. Compare the rates. Due to the Drug War the USA has the highest incarceration rate in the world. See: The U.S. Drug War. Republicans lead. Democrats follow. Everybody pays. The Republican-dominated NRA is greatly responsible. See: National Rifle Association and mandatory minimum sentencing. See cost of U.S. drug war: 1.5 trillion dollars!

---------------------------------------------

Quotes. [TopLink]

"The totalitarian states can do great things, but there is one thing they cannot do: they cannot give the factory-worker a rifle and tell him to take it home and keep it in his bedroom. That rifle hanging on the wall of the working-class flat or labourer's cottage, is the symbol of democracy. It is our job to see that it stays there."
George Orwell. January 8, 1941 article for the Evening Standard.
http://www.orwelltoday.com/readerriflequote.shtml
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Orwell 

Rifles and muskets were the main weapons, and what average people could afford, at the time of these quotes around the time of the Amercan Revolution:

"Notwithstanding the military establishments in the several kingdoms of Europe, which are carried as far as the public resources will bear, the governments are afraid to trust the people with arms." ~ James Madison

"Little more can reasonably be aimed at, with respect to the people at large, than to have them properly armed and equipped." ~ Alexander Hamilton

"Before a standing army can rule, the people must be disarmed; as they are in almost every kingdom in Europe. The supreme power in America cannot enforce unjust laws by the sword; because the whole body of people are armed, and constitute a force superior to any band of regular troops that can be, on any pretense, raised in the United States." ~ Noah Webster

"No free men shall be debarred the use of arms." ~ Thomas Jefferson

"To preserve liberty, it is essential that the whole body of the people always possess arms, and be taught alike, especially when young, how to use them." ~ Richard Henry Lee

"The great object is that every man be armed. . . . Everyone who is able may have a gun. . . . Are we at last brought to such a humiliating and debasing degradation that we cannot be trusted with arms for our own defense?" ~ Patrick Henry

"Besides the advantage of being armed, which the Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation, the existence of subordinate governments . . . forms a barrier against the enterprises of ambition. . . . [The] several kingdoms of Europe . . . are afraid to trust the people with arms." ~ James Madison

"As civil rulers, not having their duty to the people duly before them, may attempt to tyrannize, and as the military forces which might be occasionally raised to defend our country, might pervert their power to the injury of their fellow-citizens, the people are confirmed by the next article in their right to keep and bear their private arms." ~ Tench Coxe

Tench Coxe, noted federalist and friend of James Madison, wrote in defense of the proposed Constitution, in the Pennsylvania Gazette of Feb. 20, 1788: "Their swords, and every other terrible instrument of the soldier, are the birth right of an American. ... The unlimited power of the sword is not in the hands of either the federal or the state governments, but, where I trust in God it will ever remain, in the hands of the people."

--------------------------------------------


More references and more links. [TopLink]

*Bureau of Justice Statistics Homicide trends in the U.S.: Overview. Many charts, graphs, and timelines.
http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide/overview.htm
*Factbook: Crime. Homicide facts, chart, links, drug war stats.
http://www.drugwarfacts.org/crime.htm
*Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australia Now - A Statistical Profile. Find article and chart called "Crime and Justice. Crimes recorded by police."
http://www.abs.gov.au/
*August 19 1998. BBC. "The United States of murder." CHART of murder rates of some cities worldwide.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/153988.stm
*Alberta Stats - Alberta Summit On Justice. [Chart. Homicide Rate, Canada and Alberta, 1961-1996].
http://www.gov.ab.ca/justicesummit/stats/fig02.htm
*Canada. Lowest homicide rate since 1967. Homicide rate by province/territory. 2002-3 Chart.
http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/040929/d040929a.htm

--------------------------------------------


Violence. Links and info. [TopLink]


Link to come:

-----------------------------------------------


Drug War charts, and more. [TopLink]